By World Bank
With virtually part the world¡¯s inhabitants, Asia will ensure the way forward for the worldwide HIV/AIDS pandemic. there's a major possibility of a large-scale HIV/AIDS epidemic within the sector. and plenty of nations have already started the struggle: classes were realized in a number of contexts, together with stories from Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. Governments, civil society, and different companions are key avid gamers during this reaction. besides the fact that, with new tools of investment, problems with capability, and an evolving epidemic, responses needs to have in mind 5 key demanding situations: political dedication and multisectoral help; public future health surveillance and tracking and assessment; prevention; care, aid, and remedy; and wellbeing and fitness prone supply.
Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific identifies ideas for a way the area financial institution, in shut partnership with govt, civil society and different companions, might help within the reaction on the state and neighborhood degrees. It stresses the necessity for nation particular innovations to deal with the variety of concerns in the zone and highlights the significance of analytic and advisory paintings during this zone to help ongoing and deliberate courses in addition to skill construction efforts.
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Additional resources for Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific
To date, there are few good estimates of the size Key Challenges • 31 of populations practicing high-risk behaviors, such as commercial sex workers and injecting drug users—essential for estimating the potential growth of the epidemic. It is also necessary to know how these sex workers and drug-using populations overlap. Multiple approaches may be needed to understand the potential for growth of HIV/AIDS in a society and the effectiveness of interventions. These include routine information collection systems, including surveys and qualitative research.
Additionally, given that there are going to be increased resources coming into countries through the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria (GFATM) and other donors, this will increase the strain on already burdened health and social service systems, as well as the broader government. Capacity needs to be strengthened and built within health—and broader—systems if countries are going to scale-up prevention, care, support, and treatment. Private sector involvement is critical for engaging with HIV/AIDS in the EAP Region.
Though the World Bank is one of the region’s largest single ﬁnanciers of HIV/AIDS programs, it will soon be displaced by the GFATM, which has committed over $400 million for the next 5 years. Set up in January 2002 to provide complementary ﬁnancing to existing programs addressing HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria, the GFATM seeks to attract, manage, and disburse additional resources to scale-up interventions and treatment through a new public-private partnership. 0 billion (Annex 8). The role of the GFATM in providing resources for HIV/AIDS is likely to have implications for the World Bank.