By Lew Freedman
When Jackie Robinson turned the 1st African American participant in significant league baseball in 1947, elbowing apart the league's rules of segregation that were inviolate for 60 years, he grew to become a logo of chance and popularity for African American gamers in every single place. Robinson withstood discrimination to set up himself as a corridor of popularity participant, and to guide destiny generations of black gamers into the formerly all-white international of significant League Baseball. Written for college students and common readers alike, this biographical encyclopedia chronicles the background of African American baseball during the existence tales of the game's maximum gamers, the legends who performed an important position within the integration of the foremost league.
From Negro League stars Satchel Paige and Josh Gibson, to paint line shatterer Jackie Robinson, and people who them within the limelight, equivalent to Hank Aaron and Willie Mays, readers will learn the way the inclusion of African American avid gamers in significant League Baseball better the game and race family members within the usa in this serious interval in historical past.
Providing specific bills of every player's remarkable expert achievements, this insightful reference describes how the extraordinary abilities of African American gamers increased significant League Baseball endlessly. beneficial properties comprise a timeline of vital occasions, a number of images, and a bibliography of print and digital resources for extra reading.
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Extra resources for African American Pioneers of Baseball: A Biographical Encyclopedia
Ibid. 18. O’Neil with Wulf and Conrads, I Was Right on Time, 13–15. 19. O’Neil, personal interview, December 7, 2005. 20. Bill Francis, Freeman’s Journal, February 11, 2000. 21. O’Neil, personal interview, December 7, 2005. 22. Ibid. 23. O’Neil with Wulf and Conrads, I Was Right on Time, 2. 24. O’Neil, personal interview, December 7, 2005. 25. Ibid. 26. Ibid. 27. Ibid. 28. Ibid. 29. Ibid. 30. Ibid. 31. Steve Wulf, “The Guiding Light,” Sports Illustrated, September 19, 1994, 150. 32. Bob Smith, Chicago Daily News, June 9, 1962.
I was old. Besides, when the major leagues came after black players, that was what we wanted. We wanted it to change. Way back when Rube Foster started the Negro National League in the 1920s, he thought the American League would take a team and the National League would take a team. ”38 Instead, the Major League boycott of African Americans lasted decades longer. Kenesaw Mountain Landis could have eradicated the odious unwritten rule by executive order. It took Happy Chandler, the commissioner who succeeded Landis upon his death in 1944, to open the door.
Jonah Winter, Fair Ball! 14 Great Stars from Baseball’s Negro Leagues (New York: Scholastic Press, 1999), 22. 3. Izzy Katzman and Gary Soulsman, Wilmington News-Journal, June 16, 1989. 4. Baseball Hall of Fame library archives. 5. Katzman and Soulsman, Wilmington News-Journal. 6. Ibid. 7. Negro Leagues Baseball Museum wall display. 8. Ibid. 9. Davidson, There Was Always Sun Shining Someplace. 10. Ibid. 26 AFRICAN AMERICAN PIONEERS OF BASEBALL 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24.