Download Ambivalent Joint Production and the Natural Environment: An by Stefan Baumgärtner PDF

By Stefan Baumgärtner

Many environmental damages are as a result of ingredients which come into life as undesired joint outputs within the construction of wanted items. no matter if an output is wanted or now not, in spite of the fact that, isn't really an inherent estate of the substance itself yet depends upon the context of construction. This ebook experiences the position of a possible ambivalence of joint outputs for the outline and research of dynamic economy-environment interactions and for the layout of effective environmental coverage. this can be performed in an interisciplinary means: tools and insights from thermodynamics, engineering sciences, economics and the technique of economics are mixed to be able to enhance an encompassing view at the complicated and multivarious phenomenon of ambivalent joint creation. by utilizing the concept that of joint creation as a unifying framework for describing and examining the family among human financial task and the encompassing usual atmosphere this ebook contributes to a serious and optimistic evaluation of the conventional environmental fiscal strategy.

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Extra info for Ambivalent Joint Production and the Natural Environment: An Economic and Thermodynamic Analysis

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4See the introduction into thermodynamics in chapter 3 below. 28 2 Joint production and the natural environment to be the main product and electricity only a by-product, cogeneration power plants may face the problem whether they should optimize their production process as to yielding the highest possible output of electricity or the highest possible output of heat. The trade-off between the two is notorious in the debate about economic aspects of cogeneration of electricity and heat (ASE 1996, IZE 1997:1).

Among these, carbon dioxide is "the most important contributor to anthropogenic forcing of climate change" (IPCC 1995:xi),10 mainly due to the sheer amount 9For the most comprehensive presentation of the scientific relationships underlying the greenhouse effect and the resulting global climate change see IPCC (1995). e. one unit mass of some gas emitted now will have a different radiative effect cumulated over a certain time-span than another gas. 3 The impact of joint products over time 33 of CO 2 emitted every year and its long lifetime in the atmosphere.

G. electromagnetic or gravitational) fields and energy contained within a given spatial boundary at one given point in time. Objects, fields or energy may be involved in interactions (processes) with other objects, fields or energy inside or outside the system's boundary. With respect to the potential processes of exchange of energy and matter between the inside and the outside of the system one distinguishes between the following types of thermodynamic system: • Isolated systems exchange neither energy nor matter with their surrounding environment.

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