Download Approaches to Metaphysics (Studies in Philosophy and by William Sweet PDF

By William Sweet

This present day, whilst systematic philosophy - and cause itself - are challenged either open air of and inside philosophy, is it nonetheless attainable to do metaphysics? This quantity offers a huge standpoint on modern techniques to the character and the elemental questions of metaphysics. Drawing on students from continental Europe, Asia, Canada, the USA, and nice Britain, and representing various philosophical cultures and traditions, this quantity surveys and extends paintings in metaphysics and its implications for broader philosophical matters (e.g., in ethics and social philosophy, in arithmetic and common sense, and in epistemology). It additionally addresses such questions because the position of historical past and historicity in venture metaphysics, the character of metaphysics, the concern of metaphysics over epistemology, and the demanding situations of empiricism and postmodernism.

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Extra resources for Approaches to Metaphysics (Studies in Philosophy and Religion)

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6. The third, the most important text for our discussion today, is that from Sent. 2, on analogy. The first of these texts bears upon the question: do such names as “good,” “wise,” and “just” signify the divine substance? The point made by Thomas, and featured by Capreolus, is that creatures, through their perfections, resemble30 the God. Thus, when our intellect forms a likeness within itself of the perfections found in creatures, it is thereby rendered like the God, and through such likeness knows the God, albeit imperfectly.

This proposition holds in virtue of a first principle: whatever are identical with one and the same thing are identical with each other, with that mode of identity by which they are identical with the third. But it is clear that the proper rationes of beings are not identical among themselves, but distinct. Therefore, they cannot be identical with some one ratio, unless they add at least some proper ratio to that in which they agree, through which they are formally distinguished one from the DOES BEING HAVE A NATURE?

There we learn that the nature of being is conceived in terms of the third mode of analogy. This very doctrine leads us to understand the use of the term “analogy” to describe the objective unity of the field proper to metaphysics. Logic terms are sometimes adapted to express the nature of the real. “Analogy,” taken from logic,67 is a primary case. The field of being, the object of metaphysics, has the nature of a group of modes, one only by imitation. Gilson, speaking of the doctrine of the object of metaphysics found in the writings of Duns Scotus, stressed the influence on the mind of Scotus of Avicenna’s doctrine of the quiddity just in itself.

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